Moses Stuart's landmark Commentary on the Epistle to the Romans (1832, 4th edition 1868)—among the first New Testament Commentaries to apply a modern critical approach to the (Greek) text. Extremely thorough and detailed, it deals with all of the critical questions as understood by scholars at the time. The historical background is analyzed carefully, including comparative references to Jewish and Hellenistic literature.
Stuart served as Professor of Sacred Literature in the Andover Theological Seminary, from 1809 until 1848. He was a pioneering American scholar in the area of Hebrew studies, Biblical exegesis (hermeneutics), and as one of the first to become especially acquainted with the rising tide of German critical scholarship. He is best known today for his writing on the interpretation of Biblical prophecy, which include his commentaries on Daniel and the book of Revelation. He also had an influence—largely through students such as Adoniram Judson—on the foreign missions movement in America.