Pioneering critical and exegetical commentaries by American scholar Moses Stuart (1780-1852)—on Proverbs, Ecclesiastes, Daniel, Romans, Hebrews, and Revelation
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These are the Biblical commentaries by Moses Stuart (1780-1852)—among the earliest such critical and exegetical works in the modern period. They are truly ground-breaking, especially as the first such Commentaries produced in America. Stuart served as Professor of Sacred Literature in the Andover Theological Seminary, from 1809 until 1848. He was a pioneering American scholar in the area of Hebrew studies, Biblical exegesis (hermeneutics), and as one of the first to become especially acquainted with the rising tide of German critical scholarship. He is best known today for his writing on the interpretation of Biblical prophecy, which include his commentaries on Daniel and the book of Revelation. He also had an influence—largely through students such as Adoniram Judson—on the foreign missions movement in America.
These are among the first New Testament Commentaries (also available for separate purchase) to apply a modern critical approach to the (Greek) text. They are extremely thorough and detailed, dealing with all of the critical questions as understood by scholars at the time. The historical background is analyzed carefully, including comparative references to Jewish and Hellenistic literature. The first volume of both the Commentaries on Hebrews and Revelation is an introduction to the book—among the most complete and exhaustive you are likely to find (the introduction to Revelation makes up more than 500 pages!) The Old Testament commentaries demonstrate Stuart's expertise in Hebrew, and deal extensively with the Hebrew (and Aramaic) text. In order to provide access to the full Hebrew text, we have made all of the links, by default, bring up the Hebrew of the Westminster Leningrad Codex wherever this is appropriate.
While superseded in many areas by more recent Commentaries, these works by Moses Stuart retain much of their original value, and continue to be used profitably by scholars and students today.
These works are all available, by Bible verse, directly under the Commentary menu. You can also browse the book outline (table of contents) from the Commentary dialog box, as well as from the "Commentaries" category under the Books menu.