These articles, named after a town in Germany, were written by Luther in response to a Council called by the pope (to be held at Mantua, but which did not convene until 1545 at Trent) as a concise summary of Protestant theology and issues of faith for which no concessions could be made. It was written at a time of illness for Luther, and has almost the character of a last testament of faith. In 1537 at Smalcald (or Schmalkald), princes and theologians assembled to affirm and subscribe the articles. It is written in three parts:
The last parts dealt with issues and doctrines much in dispute, especially Part 2 which encapsulated the non-negotiable teaching of justification by faith in Christ. The articles were published by Luther in 1538 and became part of the Book of Concord (1580).
NOTE: This title is included in the Version 5 and OneTouch Libraries.